When Students Struggle with Reading

a boy talks to a woman about the book he's reading

If an English language learner is struggling with reading, it's important to gather as much data as possible about the student's literacy background, strengths, and challenges. It is also important to understand the difference between benchmarks and interventions that are designed for native speakers, versus those that are designed with ELLs in mind. Learn more from the following resources and our interview with ELL literacy expert Dr. Nancy Cloud.

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This resource section was made possible through our partnership with the National Education Association. Additional support was provided by the American Federation of Teachers.