Children in Mixed-Status & Undocumented Families
Researchers estimate that there are between 4-6 million children in U.S. public schools who have at least one family member who is undocumented, and the majority of these children are U.S. citizens themselves. These families are known as "mixed-status" families. Learn more about the unique challenges and concerns for these families from the resources below, as well as the strengths and achievements that educators are seeing their immigrant students and families demonstrate during uncertain times.
Recommended Resource: Enrolling ELLs and Immigrant Students in School
For more information on school registration for ELLs and immigrant students, see our related resource section.
- Finding Answers for Our Immigrant Students and Families: An ELL District Leader's Perspective
- Finding Where the Hope Is: Supporting Immigrant Students as a School Psychologist
- All Hands on Deck: Creating Immigrant Support Teams for Students in Topeka
- Lessons from Postville: How an Immigration Raid Changed a Small Town and Its Schools
Younger children's concerns and questions about immigration
Why not all changes in behavior require a special education referral
What if the Gingerbread Man's mother gets arrested?
Writing letters for immigrant families
Instability and uncertainty for immigrant families
Immigrant parents are rising to meet new challenges
Guides and Toolkits
Research and Reports
- The Adaptation of Migrant Children
- The Living Arrangements of Children of Immigrants
- The Long Reach of Early Childhood Poverty
- Health and Social Service Needs of U.S.-Citizen Children with Detained or Deported Immigrant Parents
- Unauthorized Immigrant Parents: Do Their Migration Histories Limit Their Children's Education?
Research and Guides
- Webinar & Related Research: The Impact of Immigration Enforcement Policies on Teaching and Learning in America’s Public Schools (February 2018)
- Stress Related to Immigration Status in Students: A Brief Guide for Schools (Marquette University)
- Immigrant and Refugee Children: A Guide for Educators and School Support Staff (Teaching Tolerance)
Related News Headlines
- In K-12, Children of Undocumented Immigrants Are a Growing Share of Students (Latino Ed Beat)
- Immigrant Children Are Creating Comic Books to Express Their Fears Related to Deportation (WHYY, with related video from NPR)
Deported, divided: How a mom’s return to El Salvador tore her family in two (The Washington Post)