One of the most important things that schools and early childhood programs can do to support immigrant families is to help keep accurate emergency contact records. It is essential that schools and early childhood programs not only gather emergency contact records for each child but also make it easy for families to update them as needed and provide frequent reminders to do so.
COVID-19 school closures
The ongoing school closures during the COVID-19 pandemic have underscored the importance of helping families keep their contact information updated. Numerous educators have reported that they were unable to reconnect with families following abrupt school closures due to outdated contact information. In some cases, contact with these families was eventually made, but in most cases, it was not and, as a result, remote communication and academic support were not possible.
Educators who have experienced immigration raids or enforcement in their community say that keeping families' contact information updated is one of the most critical steps educators can take on behalf of immigrant families.
This step can make a significant difference in the outcome of a family’s situation where questions of legal guardianship are at stake. Children of detained parents/guardians can end up in foster care, as seen in this family’s story from NPR.
- After an Immigration Raid: Information for Schools
- 10 Strategies Schools Can Use to Support Students After an Immigration Raid
How to Make It Easier for Families to Update Information
- Ask for multiple contacts of trusted adults for each student, as well as for older siblings. Be diligent about collecting this information at the beginning of the school year or when the child enrolls, and explain applicable privacy laws regarding personal information.
- Review your contact forms and procedures from the point of view of ELL/immigrant families. For example, translate emergency contact forms and help immigrant families understand what they are, through an interpreter or parent liaison if necessary.
- Include reminders to update contact information in all school- or district-wide communications and events so that immigrant families don't feel singled out.
- Ensure that families have instructions on how to update their contact information. Confirm that they understand those instructions.
- If updates must be made online, ask parent liaisons to talk with families about:
◦ which kinds of information can be updated online
◦ how the process works
◦ where they can find Internet access (perhaps at the school or a public library).
- Even if families are reluctant to share contact information, or seem to be moving frequently, encourage them to keep their information current.
- In the event that parents can’t be reached and staff suspect they may have been detained or deported, train staff and administrators to follow all parental instructions and exhaust contact options to find a “known caretaker in a safe environment” (Stanford Law School & CCSA, 2017, p. 17) in an effort to minimize referrals to child protective services. (See related state legislation addressing this issue in California’s Assembly Bill 699, passed in 2017.)
- Share these recommendations with school and district administrators as needed.
Note: See additional information about making a plan to care for children whose parent may be unavailable, as well as guides that can help prepare families prepare for separation, in our section about legal resources that may be available to immigrant families as they review their situations.
- Actions to Help Parents and Caretakers Prepare in Case They Are Detained (Stanford and CCSA)
- Lessons from Postville: How an Immigration Raid Changed a Small Town and Its Schools (Colorín Colorado)
- Dozens of Children Stranded at Day Care Centers After an Immigration Raid in Ohio (The Washington Post)